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Edward Cocker's copybooks and manuals: a visual network [in progress]

Created by
Miriam Jones
Node Type Description Visible Clusters Connections Relevance Betweenness Closeness Coreness
Arithmetick, or, That Necessary Art Made most Easie instructional manual
Hodder, James.  Arithmetick, or, That Necessary Art Made most Easie. London: Thomas Rooks, 1661.

Arithmetick was Hodder's most successful work, going through 27 editions.

REFERENCES:
Etext, Google

Wallis, Ruth. "Hodder, James (fl. 1659–1673), arithmetician." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.  23. Oxford University Press. Date of access 10 May. 2023, (Paywall)

IMAGE: Title page (Google)
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Arts Glory copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Arts Glory: or, the Pen-mans Treasury. Containing various examples of Secretary, Text, Roman, and Italian hands, etc. London: John Overton, 1657.

REFERENCES:

Etext, British Library

IMAGE: Titlepage, British Library
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Benjamin Billingsley publisher/bookseller/printer
Benjamin Billingsley was a London bookseller. In 1676, he published Nathaniel Strong's England's perfect school-master, engraved by Cocker. 
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Charles Snell writing master/calligrapher
Charles Snell (1667-1733)

In the course of a feud with his contemporary, George Shelley, Snell disparaged writers of the previous generation whom he considered to share Shelley's faults. When he writes of "our late Authors who have made Owls, Apes, Monsters and sprig'd Letters ... in the hopes, by amusing the ignorant, to gain the Reputation of Masters," Snell is presumably referring to Cocker, 

Refs: Meynell

Image: Cocker's illustration for Richard Daniels's Daniel's Copy-Book (1664) (Wikimedia).
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Chr. Coningsby publisher/bookseller/printer
Christopher Coningsby, bookseller, published Cocker's The rules of arithmetic in 1660.

IMAGE: Engraved plate from Edward Cocker's The rules of arithmetic

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Cocker's Arithmetic instructional manual
Cocker's Arithmetic was first published in 1678, two years after Cocker's death.

Although attributed to Edward Cocker, most commentators believe the book was written by John Hawkins, Cocker's successor, possibly based on notes of Cocker's. Whatever the case, Cocker's Arithmetic went into between 65 (Heal) to 112 (ODNB) editions.

Image: Detail of title page of Cocker's arithmetick. Being a plain and familiar method, ... for the full understanding of that incomparable art, ... Compos'd by Edward Cocker, ... Perused and published by John Hawkins, ... The six and twentieth edition carefully corrected, with additions. ... London: Ebenezer Tracy. (Wikimedia Commons)

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Cocker's English dictionary copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Cocker's English dictionary : interpreting the most refined and difficult words ... to which is added, an historico-poetical dictionary ... also the interpretation of the most usual terms in military discipline : likewise the terms which merchants and others make use of in trade and commerce : and the coins of most countries in Europe, and several parts of the world ... 1704.

1704 edition: Cocker's English dictionary ... To which is added, an historico-poetical dictionary ... Perused and published from the author's correct copy by John Hawkins.

REFS: Etext, Google

IMAGE: Title page, Google


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Cocker's morals copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Cocker's morals, or, The muses spring-garden adorned with many sententious disticks & poems in alphabetical order : fitted for the use of all publick and private grammar and writing schools, for the scholars of the first to turn into Latin, and for those of the other to transcribe into all their various and curious hands / by Edward Cocker. London: Printed for Thomas Drant and T.L., 1675.

REFS: Transcription, EEBO; Etext, Google

IMAGE: Title page, Google
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Cocker's Urania copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Cocker's Urania: or, the Scholar's Delight. Containing four and twenty times four and twenty sententious disticks or verses in alphabetical order. Fitted for writing-masters to set their learners for copies, etc
Cocker's Urania: or, the Scholar's Delight. Containing four and twenty times four and twenty sententious disticks or verses in alphabetical order. Fitted for writing-masters to set their learners for copies, etc
. London: Thomas Rooks, 1670.

IMAGE: Frontispiece and title page, Edward. Cocker's Urania
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Daniels copy-book copybook/writing manual
Daniels, Richard. Daniels copy-book, or, A compendium of the most usual hands of England, Netherland, France, Spain, and Italy with the Hebrew, Samaritan, Caldaean, Syrian, AEgyptian, Arabian, Greek, Saxon, Gotick, Craotian, Slavonian, Muscovian, Armenian, Roman, Florentine, Venetian, Saracen, AEthiopian, and Indian characters: ... : all very useful for ingenious gentlemen, scholars, merchants, travellers, and all sorts of pen-men / written and invented by Rich. Daniel, Gent. and ingraven by Edw. Cocker Philomath. 1663.

This was Richard Daniels's only known copybook. It went into at least one other edition in 1680 or thereabouts.

Image: Plate, Daniel's Copy-Book (1664, p. 10) (Folger).
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Edmund Wingate writing master/calligrapher
Edmund Wingate (1596–1656) was mainly a mathematical and legal writer, though he also published on writing.

REFS: Wikipedia

IMAGE: Diagram from L'usage de la règle de proportion en arithmétique, Paris, 1624; in English as The Use of the Rule of Proportion, London, 1626, 1628, 1645, 1658, 1683 .(Wikimedia Commons)
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Edward Cocker calligrapher & engraver
Edward Cocker (1631-1675), engraver, calligrapher, and writing master, was known for his playful and imaginative designs. A prolific publisher in his lifetime, his successor, John Hawkins, published multiple editions of the influential Cocker's Arithmetic. After Hawkins's own death in 1692, booksellers A. And J. Back continued to bring out new titles under Cocker's name.

REFERENCES:

Devroye.org

Wallis, Ruth. "Cocker, Edward (1631/2–1676), calligrapher and arithmetician." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.  23. Oxford University Press. Date of access 10 May. 2023, (Paywall)

IMAGE: Edward Cocker by Richard Gaywood (fl. 1644-1668). National Portrait Gallery, Public domain, (Wikimedia Commons)
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Edward Cocker Jr writing master/calligrapher
Edward Cocker Jr. (1658-1723) was the eldest of Cocker's two sons. He was also a writing master, though he does not seem to have published. He may have been the editor of Cocker's English Dictionary (Kerling, J. "Cocker’s English Dictionary: Revised Ed. (1715)." Chaucer in Early English Dictionaries. Germanic and Anglistic Studies of the University of Leiden, vol 18. Springer, Dordrecht, 1979. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7024-8_12)

REFS: Heal 37

Image: Title page, Cocker's English Dictionary (Orig. pub. 1704; 1715 edition)
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Eleazar Wiggan writing master/calligrapher
Eleazar Wiggan, writing master. Cocker wrote him a commendatory verse.

IMAGE: Portrait of Eleazar Wiggan, Frontispiece, Practical arithmetick, London: Sold by I. Lenthall .., 1690.
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England's pen-man copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. England's pen-man, or, Cocker's new copy-book containing all the handsused in Great Britain : also the breaks of secretary, Roman, and Italian letters, with the exemplifying court-hand : and a copy of the Greek-alphabet. 1665.

IMAGE: Title page, England's pen-man
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England's perfect school-master copybook/writing manual
Strong, Nathaniel. England's perfect school-master for spelling, writing and arithmetick / the copies written & engraven by Edw. Cocker. London: Sold by Ben. Billingsley at ye printing press in Cornhill, 1676. 168 pages.

Image: Title page
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Examples of Italian Hands copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Examples of Italian Hands; Invented, Written and Engraved by Edward Cocker. 1660.

IMAGE: Example of Italian hand by Edward Cocker (imgur)
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James Hodder writing master/calligrapher
James Hodder, (fl. 1659–1673), writing master, was a friend of Cocker's. He was the author of The Pen-mans Recreation (1659), Hodder's Arithmetic (1661), and Hodder's Remains (1675). His Arithmetic went into multiple editions, fifteen posthumous.

REFERENCES:
Wallis, Ruth. "Hodder, James (fl. 1659–1673), arithmetician." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.  23. Oxford University Press. Date of access 10 May. 2023, (Paywall)

IMAGE: Frontispiece, Portrait of James Hodder by Richard Gaywood, The pen-man's recreation, London: T. Overton, 1659. (HathiTrust)
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John Hawkins writing master/calligrapher
John Hawkins, writing master and calligrapher

Hawkins was Cocker's successor at the latter's school. After Cocker's death, Hawkins published Cocker's Arithmetic and other titles attributed to Cocker with great success. "[A]ll these books were published by one little group of London Bridge booksellers" (Meynell).

IMAGE: Detail from Hawkins's dedication, Cocker's arithmetick; ...published, by John Hawkins, 46th edition. London: printed for A. Bettsworth and C. Hitch at the Red-Lym, and J. Osborn at the Golden-Bal[l] in Pater-Noster-Row; S. Birt, at the Bible and Ball in Avemary-Lane; and J. Hodges, at the Looking glass on London Bridge, 1733, p. 4. (Wikimedia Commons)
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John Matlock writing master/calligrapher
John Matlock (1685-1710), writing master, was critical of Cocker's writing.

He wrote of the "misleading labyrinth of the confused examples of Mr Cocker," in an apparent reference to the sub-title of The pens transcendencie or fair writings labyrinth (1657).

A dozen years after Cocker released The London writing master (1672), Matlock published Method and practice defended, or, The London writing-master answer'd. (Printed for the author, and are to be sold by Thomas Sawbridge ..., and Luke Meredith .., 1685, 8 pages).

IMAGE: Title page of John Matlock's Fax nova artis scribendi. London: Printed by John Leake for the author, and are to be sold by Luke Meredith .., 1685.


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John Overton publisher/bookseller/printer
John Overton (1640-1713) was a London publisher. He published three books by Cocker and one by Hodder, engraved by Cocker.

RESOURCES: British Printed Images

IMAGE: Portrait of John Overton (NPG)

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John Ruddiard publisher/bookseller/printer
John Ruddiard was a London publisher. He published Cocker's Penna Volans in 1661.
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Magnum in Parvo copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Magnum in Parvo; or, the Pens Perfection. Inriched with variety of rare examples of all the curious hands written in this Kingdom and the neighbouring nations. With a new invented Alphabet of Verses, comprehending all the principal rules belonging to fair writing ... Invented, written and engraven in silver, by E. Cocker. 1672.

IMAGE: Engraved plate, Magnum in Parvo (Bibliotypes)

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Mathew Collins & Francis Cossinet publisher/bookseller/printer
Mathew Collins and Francis Cossinet were London publishers. In 1663 they published Richard Daniels' Daniels copy-book, engraved by Edward Cocker.

Image: Plate, Daniel's Copy-Book (1664, p. 11) (Folger).
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Multum in parvo copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Multum in parvo, or, The pen's gallantrie : a copy-book containing twenty four sentences in prose, in alphabeticall order, and as many in verse, each distick comprehending the twenty four letters, and many examples of alphabets written in all the curious hands now practised in England, and our neighbour nations, with instructions for every thing belonging to writing : also the rare principles of this art in a poeticall alphabet published for writing masters to set their learners. 1660.

IMAGE: Engraved plate, Multum in parvo (Devroye.org)

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Nathaniel Strong writing master/calligrapher
Nathaniel Strong, writing master

REFS: Johnson, Clifton. Old-time schools and school-books. New York, The Macmillan Company; London, Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 1904, pp. 22-24. (Etext, Internet Archive)

IMAGE: Title page of England's Perfect Schoolmaster
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Penna volans copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Penna volans, or, the young man's accomplishment. 1661.

In 1710, George Shelley published Penna volans after ye English French & Dutch way by G. Shelley.

IMAGE: Title page, Penna volans (Bibliotypes)
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Pen's Experience copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. Pen's Experience. 1656

This text is no longer extant.

IMAGE: Portrait of Edward Cocker by Frederick Hendrik van Hove (NPG)
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Richard Daniel writing master/calligrapher
Richard Daniel published one copybook, Daniels Copy-book (1663).

The ODNB estimates that Cocker engraved 67 plates for Daniel in 1654.

REFS: Skeehan, Danielle. "Birds, Beasts, Maps, and Books: The Search for Richard Daniel, Esquire." Folger Library. May 4, 2021. 

Image: Cocker's illustration for Richard Daniels's Daniel's Copy-Book (1664) (Wikimedia).
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Richard Noble writing master/calligrapher
Richard Noble (fl. 1658-1678) was a writing master who practiced in Guildford. He was acknowledged by Cocker in an engraved plate in The Pen's Triumph. He himself does not seem to have published.

REFERENCES
Heal p. 80.

IMAGE: Title page (Google)

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Robert Crofts publisher/bookseller/printer
Robert Crofts printed Cocker's The young clerks tutor in 1663.

Image: Cocker, Court hand, The young clerks tutor enlarged (1670)

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Robert Pask publisher/bookseller/printer
Robert Pask published Cocker's The London writing master in 1672.

IMAGE: Title page (Proquest)
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Robert Snow publisher/bookseller/printer
Robert Snow published Cocker's The guide to penmanship in 1664.

Image: Title page, The guide to penmanship.
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Robert Walton publisher/bookseller/printer
Robert Walton was a London publisher. He published Cocker's The pens celerity(1673) and The young lawyer's writing master(1685).

Image: Frontispiece and title-page, The pens celerity.
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Samuel Ayre publisher/bookseller/printer
Samuel Ayre was a London publisher. In 1657, he published two works by Cocker: The pen's triumph and The pens transcendencie.

Image: Title page, The pens transcendencie (1658 ed,)

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The clarks tutor copybook/writing manual
Wingate, Edmund. The clarks tutor for arithmetick and vvriting, or, A plain and easie way of arithmetick illustrated with apt and fit tables for resolving the most difficult questions concerning interest & annuities, and other useful purposes : being the remains of that famous arithmetition and eminent lawyer, Edmund Wingate : with a convenient copy book for the attaining the most useful hands. 1671.

IMAGE: Title page,  The clarks tutor 
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The clerk's tutor copybook/writing manual
Hawkins, John. The clerk's tutor for writing Written and engraved by Edw. Cocker. 1667.

IMAGE: Titlepage, The clerk's tutor 
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The compleat writing master copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The compleat writing master : a copy book furnished with all the most usefull hands now practised by the best artists in London : together with such plain and easie directions for young learners, that they may in a short time (without the help of a teacher) fit themselves for any trade or imployment whatsoever : with directions for the making of all sorts of knots or flourishes. 1670.

IMAGE: Title page, The compleat writing master 
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The guide to penmanship copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The guide to penmanship. A copy book containing sundry examples of secretary, text, Roman, Italian court and chancery hands. With extraordinary rules and directions for making, holding & managing the pen, and for the exact and speedie writing of every hand. 1664.

REFERENCES
Images

IMAGE:
Portrait of Cocker, frontispiece, The guide to penmanship. (Source)

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The London writing master copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The London writing master, or, The schollars guide teaching all the usuall hands now practised in England. 1672.

IMAGE: Title page (Proquest)
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The Pen-mans Recreation copybook/writing manual
Hodder, James. The Pen-mans Recreation: or a Copy-book newly published ... Engraven by Edward Cocker. London: John Overton, 1659.

Hodder's first book, The Pen-mans Recreation contains thirty plates engraved by Cocker.

REFERENCES:
Etext, HathiTrust, ODNB

IMAGE: Title page, HathiTrust
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The pens celerity copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The pens celerity or, a book of copies, containing examples of all the most useful curious hands in England and for the better information, ease and furtherance of young beginners, here are copies wherein are comprised the breaks or parts, and particles of all letters, distinctly made, as they ought to begin, proceed and end; by which you may plainly see how one stroke depends on another, and one letter helps to the making of another. By Edward Cocker. 1673.

IMAGE: Frontispiece and title page, The pen's celerity
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The pen’s transcendencie copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The pens transcendencie or fair writings labyrinth / Invented, written and engraven by Edward Cocker. 1657.

REFS: Etext. Gallica.

IMAGE: Title page (Gallica)


THE PEN'S TRANSCENDENCIE
OR
FAIR WRITING'S LABYRINTH

Wherein Faire Writing to the Life's exprest
In sundry copies, cloth'd with Art's rich Vest.
By which with Practice thou mayst gain Perfection,
As th'Heaven-raught Author did without direction.

Invented, Written, and Engraved, by
EDWARD COCKER

Such as would learne to write
Allor any of the most curious Hands practised in England
Or Hands used by other Nations, and the Art of
Arithmetick in Whole Numbers, Fractions, or Decimalls, or
Logarithms, may be commendably taught, with Expedition.

BY EDWARD COCKER

Dwelling in Paul's Church Yard betwix the Signee of the
Sugar Loafe and the Naked Boy, right over against Paul's Chaine,
Where you may have choice of Copy-bookes made by the same Author.
Such as desire to learne privately, may be attended at their Lodgings.
Also you may have anything fairely written, by the said E.C.

1657
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The pen's triumph copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The pen's triumph: a copy-book. 1657,

REFERENCES
Extext, Google.

IMAGE: Title page (Google)
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The rules of arithmetic copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The rules of arithmetic. 1660.

Ironically, this book about arithmetic was the work for which he, first and foremost a calligrapher, was best known well into the eighteenth century. Cocker's Arithmetic and related titles, such as Cocker's decimal arithmetick (1685) and Cocker's algebraical arithmetick (1677) went into multiple editions, many of them posthumous. Critics agree that John Hawkins, Cocker's successor, in fact authored these books, perhaps using notes from Cocker.

IMAGE: Diagram from Cocker's decimal arithmetick, ... Composed by Edward Cocker, ... Perused, corrected and published by John Hawkins, ... London: printed for George Sawbridge: and Richard Wellington, 1702, p. 72. (Wikimedia Commons)
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The tutor to writing and arithmetick copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The tutor to writing and arithmetick. Invented, written, & engraven by Edward Cocker. 1664.

This book consists of both engraved and letterpress pages (ODNB).

IMAGE: Chart from A treatise of arithmetic. Being a plain and familiar method, ... for the full understanding of that incomparable art. By Edward Cocker. Printed by A. Donaldson and J. Reid. For E. Wilson bookseller in Dumfries, 1765, p. 44. (Wikimedia Commons)
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The young clerk's tutor copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The young clerks tutor: being a most useful collection of the best precedents of recognizances, obligations, with all sorts of conditions, acquittances, bills of sale, warrants of attorney, &c. As also the names of men and women in Latin, their additions in their proper cases, the day of the date, and the several sums of money. Together with directions of writs, the several trades and imployments, and the returns of the terms: and many other things very necessary, and readily fitting every mans occasion. London: printed for Robert Crofts, at the Crown in Chancery-lane, London, 1663.

"Whereby ingenious youths may soon be made
For clerkship fit, or Management of Trade."

There is some ambiguity about the authorship of this book. "J.H." (John Hawkins) wrote the preface, and his name appears as author in some catalogues. The book went into 15 editions.

REFERENCES: Meynell

IMAGE: Example of court hand from The young clerk's tutor enlarged. London: printed for, and are to be sold by Robert Battersby, at Staple Inn-Gate in Holborn, and Robert Pawlet, at the Bible in Chancery-Lane, 1705, p. 16. (Wikimedia Commons)
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The young lawyer's writing master copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The young lawyer's writing master : being a book of copies onely of court and chancery hands, with ample rules and instructions for all such as desire either to read or write the said hands : this is also design'd to be a light to those who have hidden treasures in these hands, and are in the dark, as to the knowledge of their worth. London: Robert Walton, 1685.

IMAGE: Title page
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The youth's direction copybook/writing manual
Cocker, Edward. The youth's direction to write without a teacher all the usefull hands of England. Invented, written, and engraven by Edward Cocker. Are to be sold by John Overton at the White Horse without Newgate, at ye corner of ye little old Baily, [London], 1652.

IMAGE: Portrait of Edward Cocker by Richard Gaywood, 1658 (NPG)

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Thomas Basset publisher/bookseller/printer
Thomas Basset was a London publisher. In 1670, he published Cocker's The compleat writing master.

IMAGE: Title page, The compleat writing master

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Thomas Drant publisher/bookseller/printer
Thomas Drant was a London publisher. In 1675, he published Cocker's morals.

Image: Detail from title page, Cocker's Morals (Google)
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Thomas Rooks publisher/bookseller/printer
Thomas Rooks was a London publisher who published both Cocker and Hodder.

Image: Plate from Cocker's Magnum in Parvo (BL).
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Thomas Weston writing master/calligrapher
Thomas Weston (1672-82 fl.).

Cocker wrote a commendatory verse about Weston.

IMAGE: Portrait of Thomas Weston by John Faber Jr,, mezzotint, 1723 (NPG)
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Source Link Target Date
Benjamin Billingsley publisher England's perfect school-master 01/01/1676
Charles Snell contraversy Edward Cocker
Chr. Coningsby publisher The rules of arithmetic 01/01/1660
Edmund Wingate author of record The clarks tutor 01/01/1671
Edward Cocker author of record Arts Glory 01/01/1657
Edward Cocker engraver Arts Glory 01/01/1657
Edward Cocker author of record Cocker's Arithmetic 01/01/1678
Edward Cocker author of record Cocker's English dictionary 01/01/1704
Edward Cocker author of record Cocker's morals 01/01/1675
Edward Cocker author of record Cocker's Urania 01/01/1670
Edward Cocker engraver Daniels copy-book 01/01/1663
Edward Cocker acknowledgement Eleazar Wiggan
Edward Cocker author of record England's pen-man 01/01/1665
Edward Cocker engraver England's perfect school-master 01/01/1676
Edward Cocker engraver Examples of Italian Hands 01/01/1660
Edward Cocker author of record Examples of Italian Hands 01/01/1660
Edward Cocker engraver Magnum in Parvo 01/01/1672
Edward Cocker author of record Magnum in Parvo 01/01/1672
Edward Cocker author of record Multum in parvo 01/01/1660
Edward Cocker engraver Multum in parvo 01/01/1660
Edward Cocker engraver Penna volans 01/01/1661
Edward Cocker author of record Penna volans 01/01/1661
Edward Cocker author of record Pen's Experience 01/01/1656
Edward Cocker engraver The clarks tutor 01/01/1671
Edward Cocker engraver The clerk's tutor 01/01/1667
Edward Cocker contributor The clerk's tutor 01/01/1667
Edward Cocker engraver The compleat writing master 01/01/1670
Edward Cocker author of record The compleat writing master 01/01/1670
Edward Cocker author of record The guide to penmanship 01/01/1664
Edward Cocker author of record The London writing master 01/01/1677
Edward Cocker engraver The London writing master 01/01/1677
Edward Cocker engraver The Pen-mans Recreation 01/01/1659
Edward Cocker author of record The pens celerity 01/01/1667
Edward Cocker engraver The pens celerity 01/01/1667
Edward Cocker author of record The pen’s transcendencie 01/01/1657
Edward Cocker engraver The pen’s transcendencie 01/01/1657
Edward Cocker engraver The pen's triumph 01/01/1657
Edward Cocker author of record The pen's triumph 01/01/1657
Edward Cocker author of record The rules of arithmetic 01/01/1660
Edward Cocker engraver The tutor to writing and arithmetick 01/01/1664
Edward Cocker author of record The tutor to writing and arithmetick 01/01/1664
Edward Cocker author of record The young clerk's tutor 01/01/1663
Edward Cocker author of record The young lawyer's writing master 01/01/1685
Edward Cocker engraver The young lawyer's writing master 01/01/1685
Edward Cocker author of record The youth's direction 01/01/1652
Edward Cocker engraver The youth's direction 01/01/1652
Edward Cocker acknowledgement Thomas Weston
Edward Cocker Jr possible author/editor Cocker's English dictionary 01/01/1704
Edward Cocker Jr familial Edward Cocker
Eleazar Wiggan pupil of James Hodder
James Hodder author of record Arithmetick, or, That Necessary Art Made most Easie 01/01/1661
James Hodder author of record The Pen-mans Recreation 01/01/1659
John Hawkins editor Cocker's Arithmetic 01/01/1678
John Hawkins editor Cocker's English dictionary 01/01/1704
John Hawkins successor Edward Cocker
John Hawkins literary executor Edward Cocker
John Hawkins author of record The clerk's tutor 01/01/1667
John Matlock contraversy Edward Cocker
John Matlock contraversy The pen’s transcendencie
John Overton publisher Arts Glory 01/01/1657
John Overton publisher England's pen-man 01/01/1665
John Overton publisher The Pen-mans Recreation 01/01/1659
John Overton publisher The youth's direction 01/01/1652
John Ruddiard publisher Penna volans 01/01/1661
John Ruddiard publisher Penna volans 01/01/1661
Mathew Collins & Francis Cossinet publisher Daniels copy-book 01/01/1663
Nathaniel Strong author of record England's perfect school-master 01/01/1676
Richard Daniel author of record Daniels copy-book 01/01/1663
Robert Crofts publisher The young clerk's tutor 01/01/1663
Robert Pask publisher The London writing master 01/01/1677
Robert Snow publisher The guide to penmanship 01/01/1664
Robert Walton publisher The pens celerity 01/01/1667
Robert Walton publisher The young lawyer's writing master 01/01/1685
Samuel Ayre publisher The pen’s transcendencie 01/01/1657
Samuel Ayre publisher The pen's triumph 01/01/1657
The pen's triumph acknowledgement Richard Noble 01/01/1657
Thomas Basset publisher The compleat writing master 01/01/1670
Thomas Basset publisher The compleat writing master 01/01/1670
Thomas Drant publisher Cocker's morals 01/01/1675
Thomas Rooks publisher Arithmetick, or, That Necessary Art Made most Easie 01/01/1661
Thomas Rooks publisher Cocker's Urania 01/01/1670
Thomas Rooks publisher Magnum in Parvo 01/01/1672
Thomas Rooks publisher Magnum in Parvo 01/01/1672
Thomas Rooks publisher Multum in parvo 01/01/1660
Thomas Rooks publisher The tutor to writing and arithmetick 01/01/1664

Description

This interactive visualization explores the professional network of Edward Cocker, a prolific early-modern engraver, calligrapher, and writing master.

The objects in this rendering are either people (generally writing masters, engravers, or printer/booksellers), or texts. The types of relationships between these two straightforward categories of objects are varied: like any published texts, these have authors of record as well as publishers (booksellers, in 17thc terms) and/or printers. As these texts were ephemeral -- often used until they fell apart rather than safely kept on the shelf -- we do not always have full information. With calligraphic texts that offer exemplars (images of handwriting designed to be copied), the question of authorship is complicated by the division of creative labour into writing, and engraving. Sometimes the same person did both, as did Cocker, but usually, copybooks were created in collaboration. There are also dedicatees to be considered, as well as the various rivalries reflected in the prefaces of many of these texts: these secondary roles are also represented here in the hope of a fuller understanding of the complexity of the network that structured this particular corner of British seventeenth-century print culture.

[A note about this site: the visualization is interactive and the elements can be rearranged. Click on a node for information about it.]

REFERENCES & RESOURCES
Specific citations can be found in individual entries, linked to external online sources where they exist.
Britannica: "Writing manuals and copybooks (16th to 18th century)."
DNB: public domain versions of the Dictionary of National Biography, before it became the ODNB, are available online.
Heal, Ambrose. The English Writing-Masters and their Copy-Books, 1570–1800. A biographical dictionary & a bibliography […] With an introduction on the development of handwriting by Stanley Morison. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1931. Hildesheim: G. Olms, 1962. (Borrow full text with free account, Internet Archive)
Massey, William. The Origin and Progress of Letters: An Essay in Two Parts. London: J. Johnson, 1763. (Full text, Internet Archive)
Meynell, Francis. "Edward Cocker according to Cocker." The Society for Italic Handwriting Magazine. 17/07/2009.
Penna Volans, the excellent website of Sybille van Zuylen, takes its title and design from writing master George Shelley.
ODNB (Oxford Dictionary of National Biography) (paywall)

Caveats:
☞I have not seen all the texts mentioned as not all are accessible, or even extant. 
☞There are likely more connections to be made; the ones listed here are verifiable, but doubtless, others exist.